Menu Close

What is antiapoptotic protein?

What is antiapoptotic protein?

The main function of anti-apoptotic BCL-2 proteins is to restrain pro-apoptotic BAX/BAK, thus preserving mitochondrial outer membrane integrity. This is achieved by direct binding and sequestration of pro-apoptotic BH3-only proteins that possess the ability to directly or indirectly activate BAX/BAK.

Is apoptotic bad?

The BCL2 associated agonist of cell death (BAD) protein is a pro-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 gene family which is involved in initiating apoptosis. BAD is a member of the BH3-only family, a subfamily of the Bcl-2 family.

What is antiapoptotic effect?

Something that prevents apoptosis. Apoptosis is a type of cell death in which a series of molecular steps in a cell leads to its death.

Is p53 an antiapoptotic?

Intriguingly, p53 was recently demonstrated to positively regulate expression of genes whose products are directly involved in both systems and owing to this, p53 clearly acts in an anti-apoptotic manner.

Is apoptosis a good thing?

Apoptosis is the process of programmed cell death. It is used during early development to eliminate unwanted cells; for example, those between the fingers of a developing hand. In adults, apoptosis is used to rid the body of cells that have been damaged beyond repair. Apoptosis also plays a role in preventing cancer.

What triggers apoptosis?

Apoptosis plays important roles in physiology and pathology, and can be triggered by numerous stimuli, including ischemia, hypoxia, exposure to certain drugs and chemicals, immune reactions, infectious agents, high temperature, radiation, and various disease states.

What is pro-apoptotic?

Medical Definition of proapoptotic : promoting or causing apoptosis These enzymes participate in a cascade that is triggered in response to proapoptotic signals and culminates in cleavage of a set of proteins, resulting in disassembly of the cell.— Nancy A. Thornberry and Yuri Lazebnik, Science.

Is p53 intrinsic or extrinsic apoptosis?

All these facts come to stress the important role of p53 protein in intrinsic apoptotic pathway. The p53 protein also activates the “death” receptors (belonging to the TNF-R family) and directly caspase 8 – both components of extrinsic apoptotic pathway.

What is p53 and bcl2?

The tumor suppressor p53 and the proto-oncogene Bcl-2 were two of the earliest identified cancer genes. Mutant p53 proteins were first discovered in transformed murine cell lines,1, 2 whereas Bcl-2 translocations were first identified in human follicular lymphoma.

What is extrinsic apoptosis?

The extrinsic pathway of apoptosis begins outside a cell, when conditions in the extracellular environment determine that a cell must die. The intrinsic pathway of apoptosis pathway begins when an injury occurs within the cell and the resulting stress activates the apoptotic pathway.

What is the function of Bax and Bcl-2?

Purpose: Many anticancer drugs induce apoptosis in malignant cells, and resistance to apoptosis could lead to suboptimal or no therapeutic benefit. Two cytoplasmic proteins, B-cell lymphoma protein 2 (Bcl-2)-associated X (Bax) and Bcl-2, act as a promoter and an inhibitor of apoptosis, respectively.

What is p53 mediated apoptosis?

The p53 mediated apoptosis pathway is one of the major apoptosis signaling pathways involving the stimulation of both the extrinsic and intrinsic pathways by the p53 protein.

Posted in Miscellaneous