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What is the normal grade for reflex testing?

What is the normal grade for reflex testing?

0 = no response; always abnormal. 1+ = a slight but definitely present response; may or may not be normal. 2+ = a brisk response; normal. 3+ = a very brisk response; may or may not be normal.

What is normal light reflex?

The reflex is consensual: Normally light that is directed in one eye produces pupil constriction in both eyes. The direct response is the change in pupil size in the eye to which the light is directed (e.g., if the light is shone in the right eye, the right pupil constricts).

How do you assess pupillary light reflex?

Gently point the focal light into one eye, this is known as the direct pupillary light reflex. Then, withdraw the light for few seconds, followed by stimulating the same eye again but this time observe the indirect, or consensual, PLR in the opposite eye.

Which of the following is a normal reflex strength grade?


Grade Response
0+ No response or absent reflex
1+ Trace or decreased response
2+ Normal response
3+ Exaggerated or brisk response

Why is pupillary light reflex important?

A greater intensity of light causes the pupil to constrict (miosis/myosis; thereby allowing less light in), whereas a lower intensity of light causes the pupil to dilate (mydriasis, expansion; thereby allowing more light in). Thus, the pupillary light reflex regulates the intensity of light entering the eye.

What does it mean if your pupils do not react to light?

If your pupils stay small even in dim light, it can be a sign that things in your eye aren’t working the way they should. This is called abnormal miosis, and it can happen in one or both of your eyes.

What does it mean if your pupils don’t react to light?

What do sluggish pupils indicate?

A sluggish pupil may be difficult to distinguish from a fixed pupil and may be an early focal sign of an expanding intracranial lesion and increased intracranial pressure.

What is the abnormal response of corneal reflex?

An abnormal corneal reflex may indicate either fifth nerve afferent disease (ipsilateral stimulation results in neither a direct nor consensual eye blink) or seventh nerve efferent disease (ipsilateral stimulation results in a brisk consensual but no direct response).

Why is blinking reflex important?

The eyes need a smooth surface for light to properly focus on, so vision doesn’t become blurry. Blinking releases a tear film — which mostly consists of water, oil and mucus — to keep the surface of the eyeball smooth. It also prevents the eye from drying out, which can be uncomfortable.

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